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Bachelor student

Electrophoretic Deposition of Zein-Bioactive Glass Composites on Titanium Substrates for Biomedical Applications

 

Supervisor: Zoya Hadzhieva, Prof. Aldo R. Boccaccini

Titanium and its alloys are widely utilized as implant materials in stomatology and orthopedics owing to their high strength-to-weight ratio, corrosion resistance and biocompatibility [1].  Nevertheless, the long-term performance of metallic implants is still limited due to their insufficient bone-binding ability. In addition, implant related infections, are often recurrent, causing high rates of morbidity and mortality [2].  One strategy to overcome these issues is to coat the metal surface with antibacterial and bioactive organic-inorganic composite layers [3]. Among different coating techniques, electrophoretic deposition (EPD) is gaining increasing attention due to its feasibility for room temperature processing, simple equipment and the possibility to control the properties of the deposit by varying EPD parameters [4].  In this work, bioactive and antibacterial coatings will be developed on titanium substrates by electrophoretic co-deposition of zein and sol-gel derived bioactive glasses (BGs). Several different compositions of BG particles will be considered for coating preparation. Moreover, the morphological characteristics, adhesion strength, bioactivity and time-dependent degradation behavior of the final coatings will be investigated.

[1] M. Geetha, et al., Ti based biomaterials, the ultimate choice for orthopaedic implants – A review, Progress in Materials Science, 54, 2009, 397-425.
[2] M. Croes et al., Antibacterial and immunogenic behavior of silver coatings on additively manufactured porous titanium. Acta Biomaterialia, 81, 2018, 315–327.
[3] N. Meyer, et al., Bioactive and Antibacterial Coatings Based on Zein/Bioactive Glass Composites by Electrophoretic Deposition, Coatings, 8, 2018, 27.
[4] E. Avcu, et al., Electrophoretic deposition of chitosan-based composite coatings for biomedical applications: A review, Prog. Mater. Sci. 103, 2019, 69-108.

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